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Acne is a skin condition which occures when the pores of the skin get clogged up.


This clogging of skin is caused due to over-production of oil by sebaceous glands results in the clogging of hair follicles with dead cells and oil which then leads to bacterial growth.


The bacteria multiplies and causes inflammation, and the result can appear in the form of Acne symptoms on the face

  • Whiteheads
  • Blackheads
  • Cysts
  • Papules
  • Pustules

So The Immediate or Main Causes of Acne are-

  1. Over-production of oil
  2. Pore clogging
  3. Bacterial Growth

Now the question may come what really leads to over oil production on the face!
What really leads to bacterial growth in hair follicle?
And Why hair follicles even get clooged up at first point?

The answer to this lies in finding the root causes of acne which includes-

1.Hormonal Imbalance

Acne can occur due to fluctuations in certain hormones in the body.
It can happen to anybody at any stage but occurs mainly during puberty and pregnancy.

Hormones are chemical substances that travel from one tissue to another.
It acts as a chemical messenger for the proper functioning of the body.
Hormones are great for the body but the problem may arise when it levels get too much fluctuated.
Imbalance in hormones can lead to more sebum (oil) production which can start the process of Acne formation.

Main hormones that leads to acne formation are-

  • Estrogen

This belongs to the class of “female hormones” but that doesn’t mean it isn’t available in males.
Although the quantity of Estrogen in females is more than in males.
Estrogen is mainly responsible for the development and regulation of the reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics in females.
Estrogen is associated with increased collagen production, skin thickness, skin hydration, wound healing, and improved barrier function.

  • Progesterone

This is also one of the main female hormones which helps in the menstrual cycle and in maintaining the early stages of pregnancy.
The progesterone prepares the body for pregnancy in the event that the released egg is fertilised
If the egg is not fertilised, the production of progesterone falls and a new menstrual cycle begins.
During pregnancy, progesterone plays an important role in the development of the foetus; stimulates the growth of maternal breast tissue; and strengthens the pelvic wall muscles in preparation for labour.
The level of progesterone in the body steadily rises throughout pregnancy until labour occurs and the baby is born.

  • Androgen

It is one of the main “male hormone” but is available in females too
And the fun fact is, it is available in more quantity as compared to estrogen(main female hormone) in females.
They are, of course, present in much higher levels in men and play an important role in male traits and reproductive activity.
In women, androgens play a key role in the hormonal cascade that kick-starts puberty, stimulating hair growth in the pubic and underarm areas.

Hormonal imbalance occur due to-

  • Pregnancy
  • Nutritional deficiencies(bad diet)
  • PCOS
  • Certain Medicines
  • Stress(cordinol hormone)
  • Sleep disorder

2. Toxic build-up

Toxic buildup in your blood, bowels, and liver can occur if your primary organs of elimination(intestines, liver, and kidneys) cannot deal with the extreme quantities of toxic waste, either because they are clogged or are overloaded.
When this happens, toxins are expelled via your lungs and skin in form of Acne.

Toxic build-up can occur due to-

  • Bad diet
  • Food allergy
  • Certain medicines
  • Skin-care products
  • Sluggish Liver

Adopting a healthy healing diet is a must to remove any toxic build-up in the body.

Here is the detailed article, that can help give you glowing skin back –The Hidden Secrets of Beauty Diet written by Sneha Yadav

3. Genetics

Strong family history is usually present in acne patients. Many school-going children with acne have parents or siblings who had/have acne.


Genetic tendencies are merely individual tendencies of the body to act or react in a certain way that is not common to everyone.


Genetic tendencies are the missing link that explains the difference between people who have acne and those who do not
The only genetic difference between acne sufferers and non-sufferers is that acne sufferers seem to have oil glands that are sensitive to even the slightest elevation in androgen levels.